When people think of dental health the focus is usually turned on teeth, however equally as important are gums. The gums are first sign of poor dental hygiene and an indicator of overall health, gum problems can also indicate how good the nutrition intake is, whether there is a sufficient vitamin C in the body for instance.

The most typical symptom of gum problems such as pyria or gum disease is bleeding or swelling of the gums. Thankfully gum problems like bleeding or swelling are fairly easy to treat, and usually do not require professional intervention.

Swelling due to over brushing
One of the causes of gum swelling is down to brushing too vigerously in an effort to remove stubbon plaque or as a result of bad habit. Brushing too vigerously can hurt the gums and also cause them to recede over time. It’s important to get the force just right. There are many training tootbrushes out there that shanp back when they are pushed too hard, which can help you learn to use the right amount of pressure when brushes.

Poor flossing
Inadequate levels of flossing can cause bacteria to collect in-between teeth which can cause pyria or gum disease, conversely, it’s also possible to floss to hard causing irritation and bleeding on the gums. It’s generally a food idea to avoid pressing down on the gums when flossing.

Gum disease
Every adult at some point in their lives deals with minor gum disease called gingivitis, which can be treated easily with proper dental hygiene, and a course of medicated mouthwash such as corsodyl.

However if the gingivitis is left untreated it can develop into periodontitis which requires professional medical attention, and varies in severity, it can cause permanent gum recession, and/or loss of tooth. Usually periodontitis accompanies some level of tooth decay due to the poor oral hygiene.

In more extreme cases, people with periodontitis develop an infection which affects the the mouth all the way done to the jaw bone structure.

 A few steps to take in order to prevent gum problems

1) Brush you teeth twice a day, for 3 minutes each, covering all teeth and gums.

2) Floss using flossing threads of a waterpic device thoroughly inbetween every teeth

3) Eat a well balance diet, and for gum and teeth health Vitamin C and calcium are required

4) Stay hydrated, drink at least 8 glasses of water a day

5) Consider getting the breath report to help you educate yourself on oral hygiene and breath cleanliness.